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金钱操纵美国民主
日期: 2016年08月15日     作者:     来源:ebet真人网站 _showDynClicks("wbnews", 1277218349, 8186)

HUBEIRIBAOXUN GAOBINGXIONG

2016NIANSHIMEIGUOZONGTONGDAXUANNIAN,JINQIANCAOZONGMINZHUDEHUATIZAICI“YINBAO”。4YUE,MEIGUOBAOFA“MINZHUZHICHUN”KANGYIYUNDONG,LAIZI33GEZHOUDESHANGQIANMINGKANGYIZHEDUIWU,CONGXIANGZHENGDULIDEFEICHENGZIYOUZHONGCHUFA,HAOSHI10YUTIAN,BUXING200DUOGONGLIDIDAHUASHENGDUN,ZAIGUOHUIDASHAQIANJINGZUOSHIWEI。YUNDONGFAQIZHEXUANCHENG,SHIWEIDEMUDESHI“YAOQIUGUOHUILIJICAIQUXINGDONG,JIESHUZHENGZHIZHONGDEJUEJINQIANFUBAI,BINGQUEBAOXUANJUZIYOUGONGZHENG”,BINGHAOZHAOGENGDUODERENJIARUDAOYUNDONGZHONGLAI,“DUOHUISHIQUYIJIUDEMINZHU”。SUIRANSHIWEIHUODONGZAIMEIGUOZHENGFUDEQIANGLIDAYAXIAJIESHU,DANQIDUIJINQIANCAOZONGXUANJUDEKONGSU,ZAICIJIANGMEIGUOMINZHUDECHENKEWANJIJIELUWUYI。

一、美国选举是专属富人的政治“游戏”

 

ebet真人网站ZAIMEIGUOZHENGTAN,JINGXUANLIBUKAIJINQIANZHEIGE“MURU”SHIYIGEBUZHENGDESHISHI。CONGZONGTONGXUANJUDAOZHOUZHANGXUANJU,NAIZHIZHONGYIYUAN、CANYIYUANXUANJU,DOUYAOHAOFEIDALIANGJINQIAN,YANJIANG、YOUSHUO、LAPIAO、YANQING、GUANGGAOWUBUXUYAOSHAOQIAN。SHENJIACHAOGUO10YIMEIYUANDECHAOJIFUHAOeBayQIANZHIXINGZHANGHUITEMAN(Meg Whitman)JINGXUANJIAZHOUZHOUZHANGSHI,ZAIDANGNEICHUXUANJIEDUANJIUYIJINGSHAODIAOSHUBAIWANMEIYUAN,GUANGSHIJINGXUANQIAN11ZHOU,HUAZAIMEITIDEJINGXUANGUANGGAOFEIYONGJIUGAODA272WANMEIYUAN,PINGJUNMEITIANHUAFEIJIANGJIN36WANMEIYUAN,MEIMIAOZHONGJIUSHAODIAO4MEIYUAN。SHUJUXIANSHI,MEIGUODAXUANDEHUAFEIJIHUZAICHENGBEIZENGZHANG,2004NIANDEXUANJUHUODONGGONGHAOZI40YIMEIYUAN,ER2012NIANLIANGDANGCHOUJIZIJINJIASHANGLIANBANGYIYUANDEXUANJUHEGEZHOUZHENGFUWEIXUANJUSUOHUAFEIDEQIAN,JINGDADAOLECHUANGJILUDE60YIMEIYUAN。YOUMEIGUOJINGXUANZHUANJIAGUJI,2016NIANMEIGUOJINGXUANZONGKAIZHIKENENGCHAOGUO100YIMEIYUAN。

SUIRANMEIGUOYIZHIXUANYANGQIZHENGZHITIZHIYIRENRENPINGDENGWEIJICHU,“YIRENYIPIAO,TONGPIAOTONGQUAN”,SHIJISHANGJINQIANCAISHIMINZHUBEIHOUZHENZHENGDE“LAOBAN”,YOUQIANBUYIDINGNENGYINGDEXUANJU,DANSHIMEIQIANYIDINGBUHUISHENGXUAN,XUANJUSHI1%DEFURENDEYOUXI,PUTONGRENGENBEN“WANBUQI”。SHUJUXIANSHI,JINJICIMEIGUOZONGTONGXUANJUZHONGDADUODOUSHIMUKUANSHUEZUIDUODEJINGXUANZHEHUOSHENG,97%DEZHONGYIYUANYIXIHE86%DECANYIYUANYIXIYEDOUSHIHUAQIANZUIDUODERENZUIZHONGSHENGXUAN。YOURENXINGXIANGDISHUO,MEIGUOXUANJUYIKAOLIANGZHONGPIAO,YIZHONGSHIXUANPIAO,LINGYIZHONGSHICHAOPIAO。

MINZHUDEMUDEBENYINGGAISHITANQIUGONGGONGZHENGCEZHIDINGDEKEXUEHUAHEHELIXING,DANDANGXUANJUBIANCHENGFURENMENSHAOQIANDEYOUXIHOU,QUECHUXIANLEYIZHONGGUAIXIANG,ZONGTONGHOUXUANRENSUOYINGJUYOUDEJIBENZHENGZHINENGLIHEJINGLIZAIXUANJUZHONGYIWUZUQINGZHONG,XIANGFANJINQIANDAOCHENGWEIBUKEHUOQUEDEJIBENYUANSU。2016NIANMEIGUODAXUANDEGONGHEDANGHOUXUANRENZHONG,FANGDICHANDAHENGCHUSHENDETELANGPU、QIANYISHENGZHIYEDEKASENHEQIANKEJIGONGSICEOKALI·FEIAOLINA,MEIYOUYIGERENYOUGUORENHECONGZHENGJINGYANHUOZHEJINGLI。

JINGXUANDEHUAFEIYUELAIYUEDUO,MINZHONGDUIJINQIANCAOKONGXIADEMINZHUZHENGZHIQIANTUDEDANYOURIYIJIAJU。MEILIANSHEZUOGUOYIGEMINYIDIAOCHA,MEIGUOMEI10GERENJIUYOU8GEDUIZHENGFUBIAOSHIBUMAN。MEIGUOQIANZONGTONGJIMI·KATECENGZAIDIANSHIFANGTANSHIGONGKAIBIAOSHI,XUYAOJUEZIJINZHICHIDEMINZHUDUIMEIGUOZHENGZHITIXIGOUCHENGLE“BUKENIZHUANDESUNHAI”。XIANRENZONGTONGAOBAMAZAIYANJIANGZHONGYETANCHENGMEIGUODE“ZHENGZHIHUODONGZHONGYOUTAIDUODEJINQIANJIERU”。KEJIAN,JINQIANYINGXIANGMEIGUOMINZHUBUSHIJIANDANDEGEAN,MEIGUOMINZHUYIJINGLUNWEIZIBENCAOZONGXIADE“KUILEI”,JINQIANCHENGWEIZHENGZHIWUTAISHANGDUOYUANLIYIZHIJIANDERUNHUAJIYUGUANXILIAN,YANSHENGCHUNANYIKONGZHIDEEXINGXUNHUAN。

二、金钱政治加剧美国社会矛盾

 

ebet真人网站JINGXUANLIBUKAIFURENHUOZHELIYIJITUANDEZHENGZHIJUANKUAN,BUDUANSHANGZHANGDEJINGXUANHUAFEISHIJISHANGCUISHENGLEYUELAIYUEDUODEQUANQIANJIAOYILOUDONGHEKENENGXING。MEIGUOFUZONGTONGBAIDENGJIUCENGCHENGREN,ZHENGZHIJUANKUANZONGSHIANHANZHEMOUXIEFUJIATIAOJIAN,ZHIYUFUJIADESHISHENMETIAOJIAN,QUECONGLAIBUGAOSUPUTONGXUANMIN。MEIGUOFURENHUOCAITUANTONGGUOCAOKONGXUANJULAIYINGXIANGGUOHUIHEBAIGONG,ZUOYOUZHENGCEZHIDING,CONGERDACHENG“ZHENGCEBIANCHE”JILEICAIFU。ZHANGQUANZHEYEHUITONGGUODIAOZHENGJUECELAIYINGHEMOUXIELIYIQUNTI,HUANQUTAMENDEZHICHI。ERQIONGRENZEHENNANYONGSHOUZHONGDEXUANPIAOLAIYINGXIANGZHENGFUJUECE,PUTONGMINZHONGDEFAYANQUANBEIBIANYUANHUA,LIYISHOUSUN,SHEHUIMAODUNRIYIJIANRUI。

ebet真人网站ZAIMEIGUO,QIANGZHIFANLANMEINIANJUNDAOZHIDUOQIQIANGSHAWUGUPINGMINDEANJIAN,YINQILESHEHUIDUIQIANGZHIGUANZHIDEGUANGFANGUANZHU。AOBAMACENGHUYUGUOHUICAIQUCUOSHIJIAQIANGQIANGZHIGUANLI,MEIGUOZHULIUYULUNYEZHICHIZHENGFUKONGQIANG。DANGUOHUIHEZHENGFUQUECHICHIBUCHUTAIKONGQIANGDELIFA,YIGEZHONGYAODEYUANYINJIUSHIKONGQIANGHUIYINGXIANGJUNGONGLIYIJITUANDELIYI。JUNGONGLIYIJITUANDUIMEIGUOZHENGZHIDEYINGXIANGFEITONGXUNCHANG,MEIGUOQIANZONGTONGAISENHAOWEIERJIUCENGJINGGAOCHENG“YAOFANGFANJUNGONGFUHETIDUIMEIGUOZHENGZHIDEBANGJIA”。JINGUANSHEHUIGONGZHONGHEMEITIHUYUKONGZHIQIANGZHI,MINZHUDANGYEZHUZHANGDUIQIANGZHIJINXINGGENGYANGEDEGUANLI,DANSHIDAIBIAOJUNGONGJITUANLIYIDEGONGHEDANGQUEBIAOSHIFANDUI,DAOZHIKONGQIANGCHENGWEI“KONGTAN”。

ZHANGQIYILAI,MEIGUOYILIAOTIZHIBIDUANZHONGZHONG,2010NIANAOBAMASHANGTAIHOUQUANLITUIDONG“YIBAOFAAN”,CONGERSHIMEIGUOBAITUOLE“FADAGUOJIAZHONGWEIYIYIGEMEIYOUSHIXIANQUANMINYILIAOBAOZHANGDEGUOJIA”DEGANGAMINGSHENG,DANYOUYUYOUTAIDUODELIYIXUYAOKAOLVHEZHAOGU,ZAILIYIJITUANDEQIANGLIZUJIXIA,ZHEIGEFAANYIBEIFENGCIXINGDIGAIDEMIANMUQUANFEI,QIEPIANFUZUIHOUDADAOLEJINGRENDELIANGWANLIANGBAILINGLIANGYE!“YIBAOFAAN”FEIDANMEIYOUHUANJIE“YIHUAN”,FANERCHENGWEIXINDELIYISHUSONGJIZHI,JIAZHONGLEZHONGCHANJIECENGDEFUDAN,DAOZHIYUANSHENGZAIDAO。

三、金钱操控民主导致美国权势阶层固化

 

ebet真人网站ZAIMEIGUO,YIYUAN、DIFANGZHOUZHANG、ZHUWAIDASHIDENGGEJIGONGZHIRENYUANZHONGFURENDEBILILINGRENZASHE。MEIGUOMINGANZHENGZHIWENTIYANJIUZHONGXINFABUDEDIAOCHAXIANSHI,GENJU2013NIANCHUMEIGUOZAIRENCANZHONGYIYUANGERENCAICHANSHENBAOZILIAO,MEIGUOGUOBANSHUDEGUOHUIYIYUANDOUSHIBAIWANFUWENG,MEIGUOYIYUANGERENZICHANDEZHONGWEISHUGAODA100.9WANMEIYUAN。FURENHESHANGCENGJIEJIJISHENZHENGJIEZUOYOUMEIGUOZHENGZHIYIRANCHENGWEIYIZHONGCHAOLIU。

ebet真人网站MEIGUOZUOWEIZIBENZHUYIDABENYING,QIJINGJIMINGMAISHOUZIBENJIAKONGZHI,YIHUAERJIEJINRONGJIAWEIDAIBIAODEFURENJIECENGLAOLAOKONGZHIZHEMEIGUOZHENGZHIQUANLIZHONGXIN。LEIMANXIONGDI、GAOSHENG、JPMOGENDENGGUOJIZHIMINGTOUXINGYUBAIGONGHEGUOHUIYOUZHESHENHOU“YUANYUAN”,QIANCAIZHENGBUZHANGRULUBIN、BAOERSENDENGJUNCHUSHENHUAERJIETOUXING,MEILIANCHUQIANZHUXIGELINSIPANZEKEWEISHI“CHAOJIA”CHUSHEN,QITAFUBUJIDEYAOYUAN,LAIZIHUAERJIEDEGENGSHISHUBUSHENGSHU。HUAERJIEYAOJIAOZAIZHENGFUNEIDECHASHI,BUJINXIANYUCAIJINXITONG,GUOWUYUAN、GUOFANGBUHEZHONGQINGJUDEJUECECENGYIZHIBUZHANGDENGZHIWEIJUNYOU“RANZHI”。

JINQIANSHENTOUDAOZHIMINZHUDANG、GONGHEDANGLIANGDANGDUDAHEZHANGQIZHIZHENG,QITAZHENGZHILILIANGHENSHAONENGCHUXIANZAIZHENGZHIXUANZEDE“BIAOGE”LIMIAN。QITADANGPAIJISHIYOUXUANJUQUANLI,YEWUXUANJUSHILI。LIRU1992NIANYIDULIHOUXUANRENSHENFENCANXUANDEYIWANFUWENGPEILUOHE2000NIANYILVDANGSHENFENCANXUANDEMINZHUDANGZUOYILAERFU·NEIDEDEBAIXUANJIUSHIDIANXINGDELIZI。ZHANGQIYILAI,MINZHUDANG、GONGHEDANGLIANGDANGLUNLIUZUOZHUANGDEGEJUYIZHIWEICHIBUBIAN,QITADANGPAIJISHINENGNADAOYIDINGBILIDEXUANPIAO,ZAIYIHUIOUERYENENGZHANYOUJIXI,DANQUEJIHUCONGLAIMEIYOUWENDINGBAIGONGDEJIHUI。

四、金钱政治导致美国民主活力衰退

 

JINGXUANJUANZHUCHENGWEIBIANXIANGDEQUANQIANJIAOYI,DAOZHIHENDUOMEIGUORENTEBIESHINIANQINGRENBIANDEXINHUIYILENG、WANSHIBUGONG,DUIZHENGZHIYUELAIYUEBUGANXINGQU,BUYUANCANJIAXUANJUTOUPIAO。ZHENGZHICANYULIUYUXINGSHI,RONGYICHUXIANSHIXUZHUANGKUANG。YIXIEZHENGKEWEILEZIJIDEZHENGZHILIYI,BUGUZHENGJIAOFENLIDEGUOCE,JIANGYIXIEZONGJIAO、LUNLIZHENGYIJUANRUDAOZHENGZHISHIWUZHONGLAI,SHIMEIGUOZHENGZHIBOYIQUYUZONGJIAOHUA、YISHIXINGTAIHUA。BUFENMINZHONGQINGXIANGYUANZHAOZIJIDEZONGJIAOXINYANGHELUNLIJIAZHIGUANHUAXIANZHANDUI,ERBUSHIXUANZEDAIBIAOZIJILIYIDEHOUXUANREN。BANSUIZHEMINZHONGZHENGZHICANYUDEJIJINHUAQINGXIANG,MINZHUDELIXINGJICHUSHOUDAOPOHUAI,ZHENGGESHEHUIZHUBUSANGSHILEDAGUOSUOBIBUKESHAODEZHANLVEGONGSHI。

MEIGUOZHULIUSHEHUIDUIJINQIANZHENGZHIDERENSHIYUELAIYUESHENKE,DUIQIYANEQINGXUYUELAIYUESHENZHONG,KEWANGJINXINGCHEDIDEGAIGELAINIUZHUANZHEIYIQUSHI。SUIRANMEIGUOZHENGFUCHUTAILEYIXILIEFALINGHEZHENGCE,YITUEZHIZHEIZHONGQUSHI,DANSHIJINQIANYANRANYIJINGSHENTOUDAOLEMEIGUOMINZHUZHENGZHIZHIDUDEGUSUI,CHENGWEIMEIGUOZHENGTANTIAOBUCHUQUDEDAQUAN,DUIJINQIANZHENGZHIDEGAIGESHIBISHIYICHANGKUANGRICHIJIUDEBOYI。ZAIKEYUJIANDEYIDUANSHIQINEI,JINQIANRENGJIANGZHUDAOZHEMEIGUOZHENGZHIDEZOUXIANG,JINQIANQINSHIYIRANSHIKAOYANMEIGUOMINZHUZHENGZHIDEYIDANANTI。 (ZUOZHEXIHUAZHONGSHIFANDAXUEZHENGZHIXUEYANJIUYUANJIAOSHOU)

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